- Diseases of the anus
- Anorectal Abscess and Anal Fistula
- Sacrococcygeal Cyst
- Anal Fissure
- Genital Warts
HemorrhoidsHHemorrhoids are located in the interior of the anal canal and are specialized highly vascular cushions . Somehow, they are like “ bags “ of thick submucosal tissue containing blood vessels,smooth muscle and elastic and connective tissue.
These three cushions lie always in constant sites. If we imagine the anus as a clock , the hemorrhoids would be located in 4-6 h. , 7-9 h. , and 10-12 h.
This is the normal anatomic location and is present in children ,in the fetus and even in the embryo. So we can say that humans are borned with two eyes , two ears , one nose and……three piles or hemorrhoids.
Regarding their function, it seems that they contribute to anal continence .During the defecation they become engorged and tense with blood , cushioning the anal lining and because they are separated estructures they allow the anal canal to dilate without tearing.
When these cushions get engorged and descend outside the anal canal is when symptoms appear and tratment is usually needed.
The classification of hemorrhoids is very important from the medical point of view. It is going to dictate the tratment option we are going to offer the patient
The treatment depends on the Hemorrhoid´s Degree that the patient presents. In our Instituto , besides advice to follow an adequate diet that regulates bowel movements , we offer two types of tratment: